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THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

North America was inhabited for as many as 15,000 years before Europeans arrived. The first permanent European settlement was established in Florida in 1565. 211 years of colonization followed, until the United States was established in 1776. Since then, the nation has grown from 13 states to 50 and spread across the continent.

The United States came to symbolize political, economic, and religious freedom for immigrants who arrived from every corner of the world. Today, with a population exceeding 288 million, the U.S. is an international power, leading the world in food production, technological innovation, and more.


CAPITAL
WASHINGTON, D.C
POPULATION
325,719,178 (2017)
Land area
3,531,905 sq mi
(9,147,590 km2)
GDP (2018)
20,199$ B
GDP (capita)
61,687$

  State name   Capital Established Population GDP($B) GDP(capita)
1  Alabama AL Montgomery Dec 14, 1819 4,874,747 205.6 42,124
2  Alaska AK Juneau Jan 3, 1959 739,795 50.4 68,356
3  Arizona AZ Phoenix Feb 14, 1912 7,016,270 305.8 43,709
4  Arkansas AR Little Rock Jun 15, 1836 3,004,279 121.4 40,388
5  California CA Sacramento Sep 9, 1850 39,536,653 2,622.7 66,310
6  Colorado CO Denver Aug 1, 1876 5,607,154 322.6 58,422
7  Connecticut CT Hartford Jan 9, 1788 3,588,184 259.9 73,643
8  Delaware DE Dover Dec 7, 1787 961,939 71.5 73,931
9  Florida FL Tallahassee Mar 3, 1845 20,984,400 926.0 44,964
10  Georgia GA Atlanta Jan 2, 1788 10,429,379 531.3 50,955
11  Hawaii HI Honolulu Aug 21, 1959 1,427,538 84.7 58,742
12  Idaho ID Boise Jul 3, 1890 1,716,943 68.4 39,970
13  Illinois IL Springfield Dec 3, 1818 12,802,023 796.0 61,837
14  Indiana IN Indianapolis Dec 11, 1816 6,666,818 347.2 51,546
15  Iowa IA Des Moines Dec 28, 1846 3,145,711 185.2 57,028
16  Kansas KS Topeka Jan 29, 1861 2,913,123 150.6 52,715
17  Kentucky KY Frankfort Jun 1, 1792 4,454,189 196.7 44,409
18  Louisiana LA Baton Rouge Apr 30, 1812 4,684,333 237.0 50,219
19  Maine ME Augusta Mar 15, 1820 1,335,907 59.3 44,518
20  Maryland MD Annapolis Apr 28, 1788 6,052,177 382.4 62,874
21  Massachusetts MA Boston Feb 6, 1788 6,859,819 505.8 74,564
22  Michigan MI Lansing Jan 26, 1837 9,962,311 490.2 49,076
23  Minnesota MN St. Paul May 11, 1858 5,576,606 339.1 60,716
24  Mississippi MS Jackson Dec 10, 1817 2,984,100 108.5 36,029
25  Missouri MO Jefferson City Aug 10, 1821 6,113,532 299.1 49,383
26  Montana MT Helena Nov 8, 1889 1,050,493 46.2 44,118
27  Nebraska NE Lincoln Mar 1, 1867 1,920,076 117.4 60,481
28  Nevada NV Carson City Oct 31, 1864 2,998,039 146.3 50,161
29  New Hampshire NH Concord Jun 21, 1788 1,342,795 77.2 58,327
30  New Jersey NJ Trenton Dec 18, 1787 9,005,644 575.3 64,970
31  New Mexico NM Santa Fe Jan 6, 1912 2,088,070 93.6 44,832
32  New York NY Albany Jul 26, 1788 19,849,399 1,500.1 75,360
33  North Carolina NC Raleigh Nov 21, 1789 10,273,419 521.6 51,041
34   North Dakota ND Bismarck Nov 2, 1889 755,393 53.5 68,723
35  Ohio OH Columbus Mar 1, 1803 11,658,609 626.6 53,874
36  Oklahoma OK Oklahoma City Nov 16, 1907 3,930,864 181.3 46,625
37  Oregon OR Salem Feb 14, 1859 4,142,776 228.9 55,411
38  Pennsylvania PA Harrisburg Dec 12, 1787 12,805,537 719.8 56,625
39  Rhode Island RI Providence May 29, 1790 1,059,639 57.5 54,365
40  South Carolina SC Columbia May 23, 1788 5,024,369 209.9 42,272
41  South Dakota SD Pierre Nov 2, 1889 869,666 48.4 55,623
42  Tennessee TN Nashville Jun 1, 1796 6,715,984 331.9 49,430
43  Texas TX Austin Dec 29, 1845 28,304,596 1,599.3 58,028
44  Utah UT Salt Lake City Jan 4, 1896 3,101,833 157.7 51,243
45  Vermont VT Montpelier Mar 4, 1791 623,657 31.1 49,780
46  Virginia VA Richmond Jun 25, 1788 8,470,020 492.9 58,768
47  Washington WA Olympia Nov 11, 1889 7,405,743 476.8 64,454
48  West Virginia WV Charleston Jun 20, 1863 1,815,857 72.9 40,071
49  Wisconsin WI Madison May 29, 1848 5,795,483 313.1 53,565
50  Wyoming WY Cheyenne Jul 10, 1890 579,315 38.3 64,659

 

YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARK

From waterfalls to groves of giant sequoia trees to the flower-filled fields of the Tuolumne meadows, the 761,236 acres (308,072 hectares) of this national park were saved from development primarily through the efforts of environmentalist John Muir, the founder of the Sierra Club. The landscape was formed millions of years ago when glaciers created the path in which the Merced River flows.

 

SOUTHWEST STYLE

The Spanish, and later the Mexicans, once held the southwestern regions of what would become the United States. Today the flavor of Latin culture is still present in open-air markets such as this one in San Antonio. Many of the place names in this region can trace their names to Spanish roots, as can many of the people. Thirty-two percent of Texas’s population, for example, claims Latino heritage.

 

GOLDEN CORN

Corn is among the United States’ top crops, generating millions of dollars in revenue each year. Much of that corn is grown in the country’s center, with Iowa leading in corn production. Corn is used as feed for livestock, but it is also processed into meal, oil, and other products that are shipped throughout the country, and the world.

 

NEW ENGLAND REGATTA

The Head of the Charles regatta, held in Boston, Massachusetts each year, is just one of New England’s events that link the bustling present to the historic past. Boston is a city loaded with colonial history; it was central to the nation’s birth during the American Revolution.

 

BIG APPLES

New York City is called the “Big Apple,” but not because New York state is a top apple producer although it is. In the 1920s and 1930s, apple was jazz musicians’ slang for city and the biggest apple was NYC.

 

LIBERTY BELL

Philadelphia, the city of brotherly love, was also central to the United States’ birth in 1776.Among the important historic sites are Benjamin Franklin’s home; Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed; and, of course, the Liberty Bell.

 

 

THE MISSISSIPPI DELTA

The Mississippi River takes a roughly 2,300-mile (3,701- km) journey from its source in Minnesota to the Mississippi Delta in Louisiana. Today, as when René- Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle journeyed up the river in 1682, the mighty waterway is a “river road” that reaches from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico.

THE NORTHEAST STATES

THE SOUTHEAST STATES

THE MIDWEST STATES

THE PLAINS STATES

THE SOUTHWEST STATES

THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN STATES

THE PACIFIC STATES