North America was inhabited for as many as 15,000 years before Europeans arrived. The first permanent European settlement was established in Florida in 1565. 211 years of colonization followed, until the United States was established in 1776. Since then, the nation has grown from 13 states to 50 and spread across the continent.
The United States came to symbolize political, economic, and religious freedom for immigrants who arrived from every corner of the world. Today, with a population exceeding 288 million, the U.S. is an international power, leading the world in food production, technological innovation, and more.
3,531,905 sq mi
|1||Alabama||AL||Montgomery||Dec 14, 1819||4,874,747||205.6||42,124|
|2||Alaska||AK||Juneau||Jan 3, 1959||739,795||50.4||68,356|
|3||Arizona||AZ||Phoenix||Feb 14, 1912||7,016,270||305.8||43,709|
|4||Arkansas||AR||Little Rock||Jun 15, 1836||3,004,279||121.4||40,388|
|5||California||CA||Sacramento||Sep 9, 1850||39,536,653||2,622.7||66,310|
|6||Colorado||CO||Denver||Aug 1, 1876||5,607,154||322.6||58,422|
|7||Connecticut||CT||Hartford||Jan 9, 1788||3,588,184||259.9||73,643|
|8||Delaware||DE||Dover||Dec 7, 1787||961,939||71.5||73,931|
|9||Florida||FL||Tallahassee||Mar 3, 1845||20,984,400||926.0||44,964|
|10||Georgia||GA||Atlanta||Jan 2, 1788||10,429,379||531.3||50,955|
|11||Hawaii||HI||Honolulu||Aug 21, 1959||1,427,538||84.7||58,742|
|12||Idaho||ID||Boise||Jul 3, 1890||1,716,943||68.4||39,970|
|13||Illinois||IL||Springfield||Dec 3, 1818||12,802,023||796.0||61,837|
|14||Indiana||IN||Indianapolis||Dec 11, 1816||6,666,818||347.2||51,546|
|15||Iowa||IA||Des Moines||Dec 28, 1846||3,145,711||185.2||57,028|
|16||Kansas||KS||Topeka||Jan 29, 1861||2,913,123||150.6||52,715|
|17||Kentucky||KY||Frankfort||Jun 1, 1792||4,454,189||196.7||44,409|
|18||Louisiana||LA||Baton Rouge||Apr 30, 1812||4,684,333||237.0||50,219|
|19||Maine||ME||Augusta||Mar 15, 1820||1,335,907||59.3||44,518|
|20||Maryland||MD||Annapolis||Apr 28, 1788||6,052,177||382.4||62,874|
|21||Massachusetts||MA||Boston||Feb 6, 1788||6,859,819||505.8||74,564|
|22||Michigan||MI||Lansing||Jan 26, 1837||9,962,311||490.2||49,076|
|23||Minnesota||MN||St. Paul||May 11, 1858||5,576,606||339.1||60,716|
|24||Mississippi||MS||Jackson||Dec 10, 1817||2,984,100||108.5||36,029|
|25||Missouri||MO||Jefferson City||Aug 10, 1821||6,113,532||299.1||49,383|
|26||Montana||MT||Helena||Nov 8, 1889||1,050,493||46.2||44,118|
|27||Nebraska||NE||Lincoln||Mar 1, 1867||1,920,076||117.4||60,481|
|28||Nevada||NV||Carson City||Oct 31, 1864||2,998,039||146.3||50,161|
|29||New Hampshire||NH||Concord||Jun 21, 1788||1,342,795||77.2||58,327|
|30||New Jersey||NJ||Trenton||Dec 18, 1787||9,005,644||575.3||64,970|
|31||New Mexico||NM||Santa Fe||Jan 6, 1912||2,088,070||93.6||44,832|
|32||New York||NY||Albany||Jul 26, 1788||19,849,399||1,500.1||75,360|
|33||North Carolina||NC||Raleigh||Nov 21, 1789||10,273,419||521.6||51,041|
|34||North Dakota||ND||Bismarck||Nov 2, 1889||755,393||53.5||68,723|
|35||Ohio||OH||Columbus||Mar 1, 1803||11,658,609||626.6||53,874|
|36||Oklahoma||OK||Oklahoma City||Nov 16, 1907||3,930,864||181.3||46,625|
|37||Oregon||OR||Salem||Feb 14, 1859||4,142,776||228.9||55,411|
|38||Pennsylvania||PA||Harrisburg||Dec 12, 1787||12,805,537||719.8||56,625|
|39||Rhode Island||RI||Providence||May 29, 1790||1,059,639||57.5||54,365|
|40||South Carolina||SC||Columbia||May 23, 1788||5,024,369||209.9||42,272|
|41||South Dakota||SD||Pierre||Nov 2, 1889||869,666||48.4||55,623|
|42||Tennessee||TN||Nashville||Jun 1, 1796||6,715,984||331.9||49,430|
|43||Texas||TX||Austin||Dec 29, 1845||28,304,596||1,599.3||58,028|
|44||Utah||UT||Salt Lake City||Jan 4, 1896||3,101,833||157.7||51,243|
|45||Vermont||VT||Montpelier||Mar 4, 1791||623,657||31.1||49,780|
|46||Virginia||VA||Richmond||Jun 25, 1788||8,470,020||492.9||58,768|
|47||Washington||WA||Olympia||Nov 11, 1889||7,405,743||476.8||64,454|
|48||West Virginia||WV||Charleston||Jun 20, 1863||1,815,857||72.9||40,071|
|49||Wisconsin||WI||Madison||May 29, 1848||5,795,483||313.1||53,565|
|50||Wyoming||WY||Cheyenne||Jul 10, 1890||579,315||38.3||64,659|
YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARK
From waterfalls to groves of giant sequoia trees to the flower-filled fields of the Tuolumne meadows, the 761,236 acres (308,072 hectares) of this national park were saved from development primarily through the efforts of environmentalist John Muir, the founder of the Sierra Club. The landscape was formed millions of years ago when glaciers created the path in which the Merced River flows.
The Spanish, and later the Mexicans, once held the southwestern regions of what would become the United States. Today the flavor of Latin culture is still present in open-air markets such as this one in San Antonio. Many of the place names in this region can trace their names to Spanish roots, as can many of the people. Thirty-two percent of Texas’s population, for example, claims Latino heritage.
Corn is among the United States’ top crops, generating millions of dollars in revenue each year. Much of that corn is grown in the country’s center, with Iowa leading in corn production. Corn is used as feed for livestock, but it is also processed into meal, oil, and other products that are shipped throughout the country, and the world.
NEW ENGLAND REGATTA
The Head of the Charles regatta, held in Boston, Massachusetts each year, is just one of New England’s events that link the bustling present to the historic past. Boston is a city loaded with colonial history; it was central to the nation’s birth during the American Revolution.
New York City is called the “Big Apple,” but not because New York state is a top apple producer although it is. In the 1920s and 1930s, apple was jazz musicians’ slang for city and the biggest apple was NYC.
Philadelphia, the city of brotherly love, was also central to the United States’ birth in 1776.Among the important historic sites are Benjamin Franklin’s home; Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed; and, of course, the Liberty Bell.
THE MISSISSIPPI DELTA
The Mississippi River takes a roughly 2,300-mile (3,701- km) journey from its source in Minnesota to the Mississippi Delta in Louisiana. Today, as when René- Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle journeyed up the river in 1682, the mighty waterway is a “river road” that reaches from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico.